Gandhi Jayanti celebrates the idea of independence, sacrifice and success. Mahatma Gandhi is the symbol trust and peace. Known as the prominent leader in freedom struggle, Gandhi preached about non-violence, truth, his vision of democratic India, ethics, etc. He has inspired the whole world with his philosophy and is still remembered till date as a figure of National Pride.
Facts About Mahatma Gandhi
- Date & Place of Birth: October 2, 1869 & Porbandar, Gujarat
- Father: Karamchand Gandhi
- Mother: Putali Bai
- Political Guru: Gopal Krishna Gokhale
- Private Secretary: Mahadev Desai
- UNO declared October 2 as International Non – Violence Day/ Antarrashtriy Ahinsa Diwas
Also known as
- Mahatma (Saint) – by Rabindra Nath Tagore
- Malang Baba/ Nanga Faqir – Kabailis of North West Frontier
- Half Naked Saint/ Indian Faqir/ Traitor Faqir – by Winston Churchill
- Rasshtrapita – by Subhash Chandra Bose
Literary Influences on Gandhi
- John Ruskin’s Unto This Last
- Leo Tolstoy
- Hind Swaraj (1909)
- My Experiments with Truth – autobiography (1927)
As an Editor
- Indian Opinion (1903 – 15): English, Gujarati, Hindi & Tamil
- Harijan (1919-31): English, Gujarati & Hindi
- Young India (1933-42): English & Gujarat
As a Social Worker
- Non-violence (Ahimsa)
- Satyagraha – truth is the supreme power
Gandhian philosophy has inspired many to become World Leaders
- Martin Luther King – Nonviolence means avoiding not only external physical violence but also internal Violence of spirit. You not only refuse to shoot a man, but you refuse to hate him.
- Nelson Mandela – No one is born hating another person because of the color of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite.
- Albert Einstein – I believe that Gandhi’s views were the most enlightened of all the political men of our time. We should strive to do things in his spirit: not to use violence in fighting for our cause, but by non-participation in anything you believe is evil.
- Barack Obama – ‘Intolerance is itself a form of violence and an obstacle to the growth of a true democratic spirit.’ Together, we must work towards a world where we are strengthened by our differences, and not defined by them.
- Ho Chi Minh – Love other human beings as you would love yourself.
- Daisaku Ikeda – Peace is the universal wish of humankind. It is not only about taking action in times of danger, it is also about assisting each other in daily life. Peace, hence, is not some distant dream, but a reality that starts where we are right now. Elise always made a point of getting to know her neighbors, because when people know each other, they are more likely to help and assist each other. This is where peace begins.
- Desmond Tutu – Forgiveness say you are given another chance to make a new beginning
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